IDENTIFIKASI DAN OBSERVASI KOMPONEN INSTALASI PADA MDP, SDP, DAN GENSET

LAPORAN JOB 1

IDENTIFIKASI DAN OBSERVASI KOMPONEN INSTALASI PADA MDP, SDP, DAN GENSET

Dosen Pembimbing : Drs. Setya Utama, M.Pd.

 

 

NAMA            : Nika Febriani

NIM                : 15501241004

KELAS           : D1 2015

PRODI            : Pendidikan Teknik Elektro

 

 

JURUSAN PENDIDIKAN TEKNIK ELEKTRO

UNIVERSITAS NEGERI YOGYAKARTA

2017

 

 

  1. Tujuan

 

  1. Menggambar sistem distribusi tenaga listrik dari MDP hingga ke SDP di Jurusan Pendidikan Teknik Elektro
  2. Mengetahui komponen yang terdapat dalam MDP dan SDP
  3. Membuat layout dari rumah genset di Fakultas Teknik

 

  1. Alat dan Bahan

 

  1. Kamera
  2. Alat Tulis
  3. Helm Proyek

 

  • Data Pengamatan

 

  1. Terlampir

 

  1. Analisis Data

 

Dalam MDP terdapat :

  1. MCCB Motorized sebagai pengaman utama dari suplai PLN kapasitas 800A
  2. Rangkaian ATS
  3. MCCB Manual sebagai pengaman utama dari suplai Genset kapasitas 630A
  4. MCCB Manual sebagai pengaman tingkat 2 setelah dibagi untuk tiap gedung jurusan kapasitas 250A dan 100A
  5. Busbar sebagai penghantar berbentuk plat
  6. Voltmeter, Selektor Voltmeter, Ampermeter, dan lampu indikator

Dalam SDP 1 (Barat Bengkel Instalasi Listrik) terdapat :

  1. Saklar handle
  2. MCB sebagai pengaman utama kapasitas 50A
  3. Fuse sebagai pengaman tambahan kapasitas 160A

MCB dan Fuse dipasang seri agar pegamanan jaringan menjadi ganda dan lebih aman. MCB dapat bekerja secara termis maupun secara elektromaknetis, sedangkan Fuse hanya bekerja secara termis. Akan tetapi, untuk MCB terdapat kelemahan apabila terjadi korosi pada komponen MCB sehingga terjadi malfungsi trip MCB. Untuk itu, fuse dipasang sebagai pengaman pendukung yang memiliki ketahanan lebih bagus dibanding MCB meskipun tidak memiliki fungsi kerja secara elektromaknetis.

 

Dalam SDP 2 (Utara Kantor Pengajaran) terdapat :

  1. Saklar handle
  2. NFB sebagai pengaman utama kapasitas 100A
  3. MCB sebagai pengaman bantu setelah dibagi menjadi beberapa grup ruangan kapasitas 20A dan 10A
  4. Fuse holder sebagai pengaman pada lampu indikator, voltmeter dan alat pendukung lain
  5. Lampu indikator, voltmeter, selektor voltmeter dan ampermeter

 

  1. Kesimpulan

 

MDP merupakan singkatan dari Main Distribution Panel dan berisikan pengaman, busbar, ATS. Suplai tenaga yang dibagi adalah dari PLN dan dari Genset. Pemasangan pada kaki volt meter dan alat bantu lainnya menggunakan sepatu kabel dan diamankan fuse pada fuse holder. Penghantar plat (busbar) dipakai untuk penghantar tenaga dengan berbagai indikator warna.

ATS merupakan singkatan dari Automatic Transfer Switch sebagai alat pensaklaran untuk pergantian tenaga antara PLN dan Genset. Instalasinya pada TDR juga menggunakan kabel fleksibel dan sepatu kabel.

SDP merupakan singkatan dari Sub Distribution Panel dan merupakan panel yang berisikan pengaman sekunder sebagai panel pembagi menuju SDP tingkat selanjutnya. Terdapat sedikit busbar, dan setelah melewati  saklar handle menggunakan kabel pejal dengan sepatu kabel juga.

 

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